The rugs preserve and embody a thousand-year-old cultural legacy. They tell the stories of their weavers and pass on the traditions taught from one generation to another.

The creation of handmade rugs requires great skill and knowledge of the different traditional techniques of each place.

Techniques

Hand knotted

Made manually on a vertical loom where the thread is strongly attached to the warp by means of knots, this traditional technique, typical of India, Iran, Pakistan, Tibet, Turkey and all the countries of the Caucasus, is characterized by being a slow process (since it is manually knotted one by one, row by row), which allows the creation of highly detailed designs. The greater the number of knots, the greater the density, the definition of the pattern, the durability and, consequently, the value of the rug.

The shape and thickness of the knot differentiate the different kinds of hand-knotted rugs. From turkish knot, persian knot, indo nepal to sumak.

  • Indo Nepal

    Indo Nepal

    The Indo Nepal technique uses a rod to work faster.

  • Persian Knot

    Persian Knot

    The Persian method is the most traditional, each knot must be cut by hand.

  • Sumak

    Sumak

    The Sumak is a technique where the threads are knotted in the warp, making it appear that the carpet is made up of braids.

Hand Loomed

Made on a vertical or horizontal loom where the weft threads are intertwined with those fixed to the warp loom, this traditional technique allows for a wide range of finishes, from simple and fine designs, with cut or looped pile, to more elaborate textures. It is used to create dhurries and kilims.

  • Dhurrie

    Dhurrie

    Flat structure rug originating from India. This technique shows the structure of the fabric almost in a pedagogical way and without fear of showing the warp. An example of this is the Tres nanimarquina collection.

  • Kilim

    Kilim

    Originating from Pakistan, these pileless rugs are characterized by their high density, durability, resistance and lightness. One of the main differences between kilim weaving and flat weaving is that the weft in the case of kilim is much tighter and more dense. These rugs come in a variety of colors and commonly in geometric motifs.

Hand tufted

Originally from India, this technique allows you to create rugs in different formats, with a multitude of drawings and pile heights. It is manipulated with a gun-like tool with which the threads are injected onto a fabric previously stretched on a frame.

Through this technique, curves and fluid lines can be woven, which allows drawings and graphic designs to be literally transferred.

In addition, tufted rugs are characterized by providing natural thermal insulation thanks to the amount of air that is retained in the interstices of their fibers; and also acoustic, these absorb sounds reducing noise levels.

Embroidery

This technique is based on the basic principle of manual sewing. Create embossed visual embellishments.

Fibers

  • Wool

    Wool

    Animal origin

     

    Prized for its softness, warmth and natural strength, sheep's wool has been used in many ways for thousands of years. Its unique natural properties make it water repellent and fire retardant.

     

    At nanimarquina we use different wools depending on the desired finish: Wool, New Zealand wool, New wool, Afghan wool, Mohair wool, Recycled wool and Felt.

  • Silk

    Silk

    Animal origin

    Silk provides exceptional softness and a luxurious shine. The spectacular shine comes from the prismatic structure of the surface of each fiber, and is unique to silk. In addition to reflecting light, this gloss amplifies colors to jewel-like intensity. In addition, silk is tremendously resistant, although it is more delicate to maintain.

  • Jute

    Jute

    Vegetable origin

    Jute is a 100% natural, ecological, biodegradable and recyclable fiber, so it is recommended to use it exclusively indoors.

    Its artisan aesthetic brings a fresh air to the space, especially in spring and summer, and insulates from the cold for the autumn and winter season. A perfect fiber for the whole year.

    These natural fibers resist the passage of time, without the need for maintenance.

  • Nettle

    Nettle

    Vegetable origin

    Mainly grown in the Himalayas, China, India and Burma, nettle fiber is highly prized for its softness, strength and its resemblance to vegetable silk. The process of transforming the grass into yarn involves a complex cooking of the fiber mixed with ashes and water.

  • Cotton

    Cotton

    Vegetable origin

    Cotton fiber develops from the hull of the cottonseed. It has a resistance comparable to silk and has good thermal protection characteristics due to the
    hollow fiber structure. It is generally used in the warp of carpets.

  • Lyocell or Tencel

    Lyocell or Tencel

    Vegetable origin

    Lyocell or Tencel is a fiber very similar to cotton, it is synthetic and biodegradable and is obtained from different plants such as eucalyptus. It is a breathable, soft and cool fabric, perfect for use in indoor areas.

  • Recycled PET

    Recycled PET

    Origin: Synthetic

    This fiber is produced through the process of recovering and reusing polyethylene waste such as plastic bottles to result in a light and flexible fiber, but at the same time with wear resistance and good thermal properties.

  • Recycled rubber

    Recycled rubber

    Origin: Synthetic

    100% recycled rubber material in India, elastic and resistant. It is water repellent, thermal and electrical insulator.

  • Polyester

    Polyester

    Origin: Synthetic

    This material is characterized by being light, it withstands humidity very well and dries quickly. Rugs made of polyester are very pleasant to the touch, as they simulate cotton. In addition, it provides greater color intensity.

Do you have doubts about which technique and/or material to choose?

Our rug expert will be happy to advise you.